How To Refinish Furniture | Wood Dining Table

Have you ever wondered how to refinish furniture? Perhaps the whole process seems too daunting to give it a try?

Here at Sunny Side Design, we love getting our hands on many kinds of projects, but we especially love to refinish furniture!

In this post specifically we’ll show you how to refinish a wood table that I found for FREE many years ago! It’s been in dire need of some love and care for far too long, now it’s finally finished, and it couldn’t be more gorgeous!

Continue reading to see how we transformed this sad little table from the side of the road to this amazing dining room table that will now be a family heirloom!

Wood Table Before & The Story

before wood table refinished

While on a morning run about 10 years ago, my Mom and I came across this sad little table along the side of the road with a sign attached that read “free”.

At the time neither of us were in need of a table, but how do you pass up a free piece of furniture on the side of the road?

After finishing up our run, we drove back to the spot and loaded it up before anyone else could snatch it!

It sat in our basement for a number of years waiting for the day to be refinished and used as a game table.

Some time later I brought it up to use in our kitchen in efforts to brighten up our space. We used it as is for about 5 years before I couldn’t stand it anymore!

Condition Of The Wooden Table

before wood table refinished

When we brought the table home with us, it was attached to a base with claw foot legs, and had 1 leaf for extending the table.

The original paint job had been finished poorly. We believe chalk paint was used but it was not properly sealed. The longer we used this table the worse the finish became!

before wood table refinished

After every attempt at wiping the table down after each use, the surface began to have a constant sticky feel.

My kids would do homework here and traces of their math had been transferred onto the surface.

The top layer could even be scratched off, and I’d often catch them peeling paint off!

It’s embarrassing to say that we used this as our dining table in this condition for so long!

The only good thing this table had going for it was that it was made of solid wood. You can’t find a decent piece of furniture made from solid wood anymore! I knew this could be a lovely table some day.

At long last, as I was sitting at the table one evening talking with my Hubby, I found myself scratching off long strips of paint. I just couldn’t handle it anymore! I thought, if the paint can come off that easily then surely it will come off easier if I just applied some stripper!

So on a whim, at 9:00 pm after kids had been put to bed, I began to strip this sad looking tabletop! And this marked the beginning of long process that led to refinishing this wooden dining table!

Steps To Refinish Furnitre

So what are the steps to refinish furniture?

1. Remove old finish. You may need to use a paint stripper to aid in the process.

2. Sand surface to remove any residual finish, and achieve a smooth touch.

3. Apply new finish whether it be paint, or a stain.

4. Seal the surface.

These steps can be used on a wide variety of projects when refinishing furniture. Below I will go into more depth with each step to better show you how to carry out each step.

Supplies Needed

For your convenience here is a list of supplies needed to complete this project.

This post contains affiliate links for your convenience. As an Amazon affiliate we earn from qualifying purchases. See our disclosure for details.

Refinish Furniture Step 1: Strip Paint

before wood table refinished

The first step to refinish this wooden dining table is to remove all of the old finish. I used a paint remover by Jasco because I’ve had good results with it in the past and I had some on hand from a previous project.

stripping paint

Follow directions carefully from the specific brand you’re using. Brush stripper on and allow to sit on the wood long enough before scraping the paint off with a plastic putty knife.

Safety Precautions: Be sure to wear chemical resistant gloves. If you don’t the stripper will dissolve your gloves. Wear goggles and long sleeves. Chemical stripper can cause burns on your skin. 

(Use mineral spirits to clean brush after use.)

PRO TIP: Be sure to keep the surface wet with stripper during the whole wait time listed on the product. It’s much easier to remove paint while stripper is still wet vs. when it has dried.

applying stripper
steel wool to remove paint

The stripper and putty knife should remove most of the paint. You may find some spots where the paint is in the grain of the wood.

To remove paint from these areas apply the stripper as before and use a fine steel wool pad to buff out any remaining paint.

Optional Step: Bleach Wood

after wood table bleached 1x

Once all of the original finish had been removed I was clearly able to see that the leaf was a different shade than the rest of the table.

If planning to paint the tabletop this will not matter, you’ll only need the finish to be removed and have a smooth surface.

I was loving the look of the raw wood and wanted to apply a top coat to keep the natural color showing. But I knew I couldn’t do this until I was able to get the leaf to match the other wood surfaces.

Using Household Bleach On Wood Table

bleach for wood table
bleach for wood table

I had heard about bleaching furniture before so I thought I’d give it a try. My first efforts worked somewhat, using household bleach.

It did lighten the wood, but after 2 coats and many hours of waiting time in-between drying times, I wasn’t getting the results I was after. Not to mention that our home smelled like an indoor swimming pool!

Using Wood Bleach On Table

With a little bit more research I learned about bleach specifically formulated for wood! Since this step is optional I won’t go into too much detail about it in this post. You can read all about the Do’s and Don’ts of bleaching wood in this article I found.

There were a lot of helpful tips and I knew if I were following advice from the one and only Bob Vila himself, I’d get amazing results!

materials to bleach wood table

We searched our local home improvement stores as well as a couple paint stores for this Zinsser Wood Bleach. I’m not sure if it’s a product not in stock all the time, or if the shelves were sparse with the unusual shopping habits of Covid-19.

I ended up ordering mine on Amazon and it was well worth the wait!

applying part A wood bleach
applying part A wood bleach

I followed the directions to the T and was amazed at the results!

Be sure to wear the appropriate safety attire: rubber gloves, goggles and a face mask. This wasn’t near as potent as the household bleach (or paint stripper for that matter), but it’s probably best to not breath it in either. Also this will burn your skin if you get any on you, so be mindful of all the precautions mentioned in the directions.

after wood table bleached

After just one application it was looking more uniform than the previous 2 applications of household bleach.

And the whole look of the wood was brightening up which I loved as well! It removed that yellow hue of oak.

Once you’re satisfied with the results, be sure to neutralize the wood by applying a 50-50 mixture of vinegar and water. If you avoid this step the bleaching components will remain active in the wood!

Refinish Furniture Step 2: Sanding

sanding wood table
wiping saw dust from wood table

After the wood table had completely dried from bleaching and neutralizing, I used a 220 fine grit sandpaper to smooth out the surface.

Again if you’re not bleaching your wood, you’ll want to be sure to include the sanding step after all of the old finish has been removed.

Refinish Furniture Step 3: Apply Stain

supplies used to stain wood table top

As previously mentioned I was loving the texture and grain of the wood that was hiding underneath all of that grimy paint! And after all that work removing the paint I really didn’t want to cover it all up again!

I’d originally thought to simply apply a clear coat and keep the existing wood color, until I realized the leaf was a different shade.

Even after the amazing results I achieved with the Zinsser wood bleach, the leaf was still a slightly different color.

Because of this, I decided to apply 1 thin coat of stain to unify the whole table.

I used the Sunbleached stain left over from our mantel project.

stain used for wood table top
applying stain on wood table top
wiping excess stain from wood table top

Be sure to mix the stain well before applying, and throughout application if working on a large surface.

Apply in long smooth strokes following the grain of the wood.

The longer the stain penetrates the wood, the darker the finish will be. I immediately wiped off the excess stain with cotton cloth after applying it. I didn’t want to add much color, I was just trying to get each surface of the table to match.

after pic

Here’s a look at the finished surface of the wood table. Again not much color was added, but I love how the grain of the wood is now accentuated with a slightly darker color.

Refinish Furniture Step 4: Apply Paint

new table legs

So, you know I have a furniture problem!

The wood table that is being refinished was always intended to be the game table when our basement was finished.

I came across this farmhouse table on our local classifieds for only $75 and had to get it! This was to be our new kitchen table.

But unlike the table I am refinishing, this tabletop has a layer of veneer which has been warped from heat and water damage. Eventually I plan to research how to fix this and will use this table in our dining space.

For now however, we removed the legs from this table and are borrowing them for the current kitchen table.

The legs are much more stylish and I’m not a fan of having claw feet under my table! The original claw foot base was also more of a pedestal. When the leaf was installed the legs remained in the middle of the table. This would cause the table to wobble if any pressure was added to either end. So not only were we upgrading the look, these legs now provide a much more sturdy table!

before: new legs for wood table
after pic

The white paint creates a much more relaxing feel, unlike the dark stain that feels heavy.

To save time and avoid sanding the legs prior to painting, I used the primer and paint leftover from finishing our fireplace.

For the primer we used Zinsser Cover Stain Primer Bond Coat. This stuff is amazing! It requires NO sanding, blocks stains and has great adhesion.

For the paint we used Behr Urethane Alkyd Satin Enamel Paint. This paint is specifically designed for use in high traffic areas. It’s great for cabinetry, molding anywhere it would have regular use. The finish also has self leveling properties that help minimize brush marks. This is sure to hold up way better than whatever was previously on our table!

Refinish Furniture Step 5: Seal Furniture

The final step to refinishing this wood dining table is to apply sealer. I used the Varathane Triple Thick Polyurethane with a matte finish. I first used this matte finish sealer on our Hidden TV Cabinet, then on our mantel. Each time I love it even more.

It’s water based for easy clean up, it also has a self leveling property which will minimize brush strokes and has a triple thick formulation which means it’s 3x as durable in just 1 application!

(And this quart has been plenty for all three of these projects! The quart is still even about half way full!)

applying sealer after stain has dried

Apply the sealer in long even brush strokes following the grain of the wood. Since a dining table is used multiple times a day, I applied 2 coats which will give us 6 layers of protection.

It will have a slight sheen as it is applied and dries to a clear matte finish with no sheen. This finish also will not yellow over time.

Wood Dining Table After

It feels SO good to finally have this dining table completed! Many hours were spent refinishing this furniture, but they were well worth it!

It now has a light and airy coastal farmhouse look without a sticky tabletop!

after pic
after pic
after pic
after pic

I found these two blue round back upholstered dining chairs on our local classifieds for only $30 for both! What a steal!

You can find similar ones here at World Market.

I added 4 distressed metal chairs on both sides to complete the look.

If you like this dining table look, you can get one pretty darn similar from Pottery Barn. Tap the picture below to see more info.

(Makes me feel pretty proud I know how to refinish furniture, if I do say so myself.) And now YOU CAN TOO!

We hope you enjoyed this tutorial and have been inspired to refinish furniture that may be lying around your home.

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Thanks for spending some time with us today!

And as always here at Sunny Side Design

WE HOPE TO BRING YOUR HOME TO THE SUNNY SIDE OF THE STREET!

refinish furniture

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